It is worth
mentioning that the Canadian Companyís Report gave
the least rates for compensation, while the Affected
Populationís papers asked for the highest. The
proposals which appeared in the papers delivered by
the Technical Committees in the Northern and River
Nile State represented a compromise between the two
helped to bring the differing opinion closer, and
contributed to establishing the scientific-based
dialogue as a means for determining the rates of
The President of
the Republic who is also the Chairman of the
Dam's Higher Political Committee issued the Order No.
(1), for the year 2002, fixing the rates of
compensation for the population affected by the
establishment of Merowe Dam.
Based on the
demands of the Affected Population Committee to
review the rates, the President decided to refer
the Compensation Order to the National
Assembly (the Parliament), for more
deliberations. Guided by the Parliamentís recommendations, the
President issued the Presidential Order No. (1)
for 2003, establishing a specialized technical
committee. The Committee was mandated to come
out with proposals
for the rates of compensation.
Technical Committeeís recommendation, the
Presidential issued Order No (2) for 2003 modifying the compensation rates.as follows:
productive palm tree will be compensated by 50,000
Sudanese Dinars (SD), to be paid in cash over a
period of 6 years.
non-productive palm tree will be compensated by
palm seedling will be compensated by 400 SD.
The mango tree is
compensated with 90,371 SD.
Citrus trees will be
compensated by 55,325 SD. each.
The guava tree will
compensated with 50,000 SD.
The rate of
compensation for non-productive fruit trees will be
decided by the Commissioner.
The wood trees:
The wood trees will
be compensated with a rate of 1,200 SD for each
lands and other property not included in the above
list of rates:
The Trees and Houses
Committee, which was formed by the Commissioner
determines the rates of compensations for any land
or other property that are not decided upon by any
The Management and
Irrigation of Agricultural Projects, and Funding of
compensates the resident families upon
resettlement in the new sites with a sum of
50,000 SD, for each family.
residing in the area drowned by the reservoir
will be given 6 feddans in the resettlement
projects, according to the government conditions
in giving the benefits of government lands and
based on the social status of the residing
bodies in each state will manage the projects in
The farmers will
be exempted from paying the water fees for two
years. The government is obliged to deliver the
water to the agricultural projects.
allocates a sum of money for a rotating fund to
finance the cultivation and agricultural
Based on that, they
started to release the compensations for the
affected population, after it has been agreed upon
and accepted by the committees.
Following are the
steps that are followed for compensation payment and
allocation of land:
monetary compensation will be paid over six
installments, divided over six years. The first
payment will be released on the AP arrival at the
new resettlement site, as stated in Order No. (1)
for 2002, which was issued by the President of the
Republic, who is also the Chairman of the Higher
Commission and the Committees representing the
Affected Population exerted all efforts with the
Minister of Finance and National Economy to provide
the necessary funding for compensations. Their
effort resulted in the the Ministerís approval to
pay the first installment of compensation in full
for every form that includes 25 palm trees or less.
(in this way 52% of the total sum of compensations
have been paid. The remaining payment will be
released on five installments over a period of five
years). The same proposal exempted all forms that
contain more that 150 productive palm trees, on
which the Order will be applied.
c) Monetary compensation is paid for every body who
own a house but does not want to move with his group
to the new resettlement area.
d) Everybody who owns a house in the affected area will
be given a house in the resettlement site, if he
wishes to voluntarily move into the new site.
whose houses will be drowned by the Damís water are
exempted from paying the difference that result from
the value differences between their previous houses
and the new houses that they will be given at the
resettlement sites. This exemption is considered as
a token of appreciation for them for their
In this regard the
Commission coordinated with the Federal Ministry of
Finance to release the compensation payment through
the Farmerís Bank, which
used mobile branches in
the old and new sites for this purpose.